has been inhabited for thousands of years, and
fortunately many ancient monuments have survived.
From the late Neolithic there are stone monuments such as Lanyon Quoit; stone
circles from the later Bronze Age like the Merry Maidens and holed stones such as
Romans invaded Cornwall, but only kept a minimal
hold over it, instead concentrating on trading
with the locals for tin. Marazion 4 miles from
Penzance was a centre of such a trade, it is the oldest town in
is a Celtic area possessing its own language,
Cornish. It was formerly an independent kingdom
which lasted until the 10TH Century, with the
language persisting for another 800 years. The Celts
eventually became Christians, leaving us their legacy
of the many distinctive Celtic
crosses found in this area..
Cornish are a seafaring people and have traded
with many civilisations in the past. It is thought
that there was trade with the Phoenicians, but
there is little evidence to back this up.
Nevertheless there was trade with the Romans for
more recent times these seafaring skills were put
to another use, smuggling. The area has a rich
history, full of tales of such
has been mined in Penwith for centuries and
continued to be up to the 1980s. The industry
leaves behind it a myriad of interesting remains.